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Old 09-24-2012, 06:49 PM
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Reading Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Hello! :hello:

It is time, once again, for Ensign Steve calm the fuck down, quit pulling out her hair and threatening to quit school, and appeal to the geniuses at :fflove: for some goddamn homework help.

I never took linear algebra, and I have spent the last several years just winging it and sort of muddling through. As such, I know enough to get me in trouble, but not enough to get myself out of it.

If you are so inclined, take a looksee at the slides below and riddle me this:

Why does multiplying rows 3 and 5 by a scalar not affect the right-hand-side values R3 and R5, but adding those lines to row 4 does affect the value at R4?
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Old 09-25-2012, 09:36 AM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

If you think of each row as an equation perhaps concerning the cost of some items, then multiplying by a fixed number doesn't tell you anything new:

(2 quarts of milk + 3 bagels cost $3.50) x 2 :rarrow: 4 quarts + 6 bagels cost $7.00 :shrug:

But when you combine multiplying a row and adding (or subtracting) from another independent row, then you can work out the cost of the individual items:

2 quarts + 3 bagels cost $3.50

7 quarts + 4 bagels cost $9.00

Now you can work out that a quart costs a dollar, and the bagels are fifty cents each: to do it formally you might multiply the first row by 4/3 and then subtract from the second row to eliminate the bagels from the result.
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Old 09-25-2012, 10:38 AM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Quote:
Originally Posted by Ensign Steve View Post
Why does multiplying rows 3 and 5 by a scalar not affect the right-hand-side values R3 and R5, but adding those lines to row 4 does affect the value at R4?
Okay, so I've never done cyclic reduction of tridiagonal matrices (you're working above my pay grade, ES), but my guess is that multiplying rows 3 and 5 by a scalar does affect the RHS values, and those slides could do with some editing, including replacing R3 and R5 with R3' and R5' in the 2nd and later slides.

I found this Florida State glossary which suggests there may be other problems with those slides. According to them, cyclic reduction solves for tridiagonal matrices, a class which doesn't include the cyclic tridiagonal matrix used in the slides.
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Old 09-25-2012, 11:41 AM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

I don't think that slides 2 and 3 are meant to show that nothing is changed by multiplying a row by a scalar - these are just intermediate stages in getting to slide 4 where two of the entries have been zeroed.

It would be clearer (in my opinion) if the R column vector was just omitted from slides 2 and 3.
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Old 09-25-2012, 01:34 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Thanks, you guys are the best! :salute:
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Old 11-13-2012, 04:05 AM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

It's not linear algebra, but it's math, so I'm not going to start a new thread. It's time for diff-eqs! (I've heard it pronounced "diffy-cues", is that really a thing?)

I'm writing a program to approximate a solution to a 2nd order differential equation, and since I'm in CS and not math, I'm not actually expected to know how to solve for the exact solution. Phew!

But I'm still supposed to "find" the exact solution somehow so I can determine whether my program is working. I have matlab on my computer, but it's way too much of a PITA [pdf] to try to do it with a periodic boundary condition, so I gave up. We have Maple at school, but I don't want to wait till tomorrow. I tried wolfram alpha, and it gave me some kind of general solution, but I couldn't figure out how to put in my boundary conditions to get the exact solution.

So, anyway, the equation is:
-y'' + y = 2 sin (x)

and the boundary condition is:
y(0) = y(2pi) and y'(0) = y'(2pi)

Wolfram alpha gives this solution for the equation, without taking the boundary condition into account:
y(x) = c1 ex + c2 e-x + sin(x)

What's that c1 and c2 business? I mean, obviously they are constants, but can I use this information and my boundary conditions to solve this?
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Old 11-13-2012, 04:32 AM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

I had a :brainstorm:

Since y(0) = y(2pi) then c1 e0 + c2 e-0 + sin(0) = c1 e2pi + c2 e-2pi + sin(2pi)

c1 + c2 = c1 e2pi + c2 e-2pi

Don't know what to do with one equations and two unknowns. :scratch:

The solution I'm looking for is a function of x, so one equations and 2 unknowns is okay, but I lost my x.
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Old 11-13-2012, 07:54 AM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

e^2 pi is about 536

e^-2 Pi is about .002

So c2 is roughly 535 c1.

Just gather the c1 terms on one side and the c2s on the other and you can write an exact ratio so eliminating one of the constants.
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Old 11-13-2012, 12:10 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Remember you have two boundary conditions: y(0) = y(2pi) and y'(0) = y'(2pi)

From the first you get c1 + c2 = c1 e2pi + c2 e-2pi

From the second you get c1 - c2 + 1 = c1 e2pi - c2 e-2pi +1

Which leads to

c1 = c1 e2pi

c2 = c2 e-2pi

The only way to solve this is to take c1 = c2 = 0

And your analytical solution becomes y(x) = sin(x)
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Old 11-13-2012, 12:23 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Did you try:



or



and if they don't work use:



This one isn't as relevant but it still be useful:

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Old 11-13-2012, 12:24 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

God I'm an idiot. Sorry ES, this is the one you need:

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Old 11-13-2012, 03:50 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

You guys are so fucking awesome I don't even know what I'd do without you! :wriggle:
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Old 11-13-2012, 03:52 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Quote:
Originally Posted by Pan Narrans View Post
From the second you get c1 - c2 + 1 = c1 e2pi - c2 e-2pi +1
:doh:

I like to think I would have thought of that eventually, but now I don't have to! :lol:
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Old 11-13-2012, 03:55 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Quote:
Originally Posted by Deadlokd View Post
and if they don't work use:



Solve everything with spherical harmonics and Legendre polynomials! :hyperb:
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Old 11-13-2012, 04:05 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Quote:
Originally Posted by Ensign Steve View Post
You guys are so fucking awesome I don't even know what I'd do without you! :wriggle:
lol I wonder if Pan Narrans was ever a Professor. He did that thing they do where you want to drive a gutter spike through your temple because you didn't see it yourself.

Good jerb, guys. :) I'm impressed.
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Old 11-13-2012, 04:16 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

I don't know why I even looked at this thrad. Math is hard.
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Old 11-13-2012, 04:27 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Talk about wanting to drive a stake through your head. Look at my original equation:

-y'' + y = 2 sin (x)

Gee, you think -(-sin(x)) + sin(x) might possibly = 2 sin(x)? :doh:
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Old 11-13-2012, 04:32 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Quote:
Originally Posted by BrotherMan View Post
I don't know why I even looked at this thrad. Math is hard.



Seriously, math is too damn hard. In undergrad I was going for a Math/CS double major and then when I got into the higher math classes I was like

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Old 11-13-2012, 04:55 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Quote:
Originally Posted by Ensign Steve View Post
Talk about wanting to drive a stake through your head. Look at my original equation:

-y'' + y = 2 sin (x)

Gee, you think -(-sin(x)) + sin(x) might possibly = 2 sin(x)? :doh:
But the boundary conditions, Ensign Steve! The boundary conditions!
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Old 11-13-2012, 09:21 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Quote:
Originally Posted by SR71 View Post
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ensign Steve View Post
You guys are so fucking awesome I don't even know what I'd do without you! :wriggle:
lol I wonder if Pan Narrans was ever a Professor. He did that thing they do where you want to drive a gutter spike through your temple because you didn't see it yourself.

Good jerb, guys. :) I'm impressed.
:unnope: Not a professor, just a lowly postdoc. One who got a new jerb for studying the ozone layer, though :glasses:


Quote:
Originally Posted by Dragar View Post
Quote:
Originally Posted by Ensign Steve View Post
Talk about wanting to drive a stake through your head. Look at my original equation:

-y'' + y = 2 sin (x)

Gee, you think -(-sin(x)) + sin(x) might possibly = 2 sin(x)? :doh:
But the boundary conditions, Ensign Steve! The boundary conditions!
Exactly! The boundary conditions made sure you could disregard the general solution (or at least, set the coefficients to zero) and just use the particular solution.

You see, if you have two functions f and g for which

-f'' + f = 2 sin (x)

and

-g'' + g = 0

then their sum satisfies the original equation:

-(f+g)'' + (f + g) = 2 sin (x)

In this case f is the particular solution and g the general solution. You need the boundary conditions to find out which mix of f and g is correct.
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Old 11-13-2012, 10:09 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Quote:
Originally Posted by Dragar View Post
Quote:
Originally Posted by Deadlokd View Post
and if they don't work use:



Solve everything with spherical harmonics and Legendre polynomials! :hyperb:
And Schroedinger's equations!
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Old 11-15-2012, 03:28 AM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Quote:
Originally Posted by Pan Narrans View Post
Exactly! The boundary conditions made sure you could disregard the general solution (or at least, set the coefficients to zero) and just use the particular solution.

You see, if you have two functions f and g for which

-f'' + f = 2 sin (x)

and

-g'' + g = 0

then their sum satisfies the original equation:

-(f+g)'' + (f + g) = 2 sin (x)

In this case f is the particular solution and g the general solution. You need the boundary conditions to find out which mix of f and g is correct.
g is the homogeneous solution. The general solution is the sum of the homogeneous solution and the particular solution. Your first sentence above doesn't make any sense.

As to the original question, the ode problem actually _is_ a linear algebra problem where the solutions live in an infinite dimensional vector space (as opposed to the linear algebra case, Ax=b, where the solutions live in a finite dimensional vector space).

Look at your ode and let L=-d^2/dx^2+1, f(x)=2sin(x)...then your ode is just Ly=f (just like Ax=b).

And just like in the linear algebra case where Nul A is non-empty, and you have x=x_homogeneous+x_particular, so in the ode case where the null space of the operator L (really an infinite dimensional matrix) is non-empty (it is spanned by exp(x) and (exp(-x)) and you have y=y_homogeneous +y_particular.
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Old 11-15-2012, 05:20 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

I haven't touched DiffEq since college, I'm amazed at how little I understood in this thread. Use it or lose it,folks.
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Old 11-18-2012, 11:38 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

BLADOW! How you like me now?

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Old 11-18-2012, 11:59 PM
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Default Re: Homework Help Thread - Linear Algebra Edition

Well done!

So, as I'm a physicist...

Can you think of any physical variables that might be represented by your differential equation?
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