Go Back   Freethought Forum > The Library > Articles & Essays > Politics

Article Tools Display Modes
Lebanon's Sunnis and the Civil War
Lebanon's Sunnis and the Civil War
Published by Watser?
Tablet Palestinian-Lebanese ties

Palestinian-Lebanese ties

There were many ties between Lebanese and Palestinian organisations, from coalitions of convenience to organisational intertwining. In this period there was no unity among Palestinian groups.

The ties between al-Fatah and Lebanese groups limited themselves to arming and training groups considered allies. These alliances came about not because al-Fatah shared an ideology with these groups but because of common interests. Amal was supported at first, for instance, to help defend Shi’ite villages against the Israelis.69 Al-Murabitun was also trained and armed by al-Fatah, probably because they were allies in the fights with the army in 1969 and 1973. In 1983, an alliance came about between al-Fatah and Tawhid because they were both fighting Syria and its allies. Another reason for al-Fatah to support militias during the civil war was to gain more influence over the National Movement.70

The PFLP and the DFLP had ideological motives. They were pan-Arab parties and saw a connection between the struggle in Lebanon and the struggle for Palestine. Both parties had a Lebanese sister movement. The PFLP was very close to the Party of Arab Socialist Action (PASA). In fact, they were the Palestinian and Lebanese branch of the former Movement of Arab Nationalists (see above). George Habash was the chairman of both parties and they published a magazine together. Furthermore, the PFLP and the PASA considered themselves allied to the Communist Party of Lebanon.71

The DFLP was entwined with the Organisation of Communist Action as they published the magazine al-Hurriya (Freedom) together. Both parties originated from the left-wing of the MAN and followed the same line ideogically.72

The ALF was tied to the pro-Iraqi wing of the Baath, but also to Farouq al-Moqaddam’s 24 October Movement.73

As-Sa’iqa had ties to the pro-Syrian Baath and and to one of the Nasserist parties. There was also a party called the Organisation of the Progressive Lebanese Vanguard with its militia, the as-Sa’iqa Auxilliaries. Apart from the resemblance to as-Sa’iqa’s political wing, this party is of no interest whatsoever. The Syrians also founded the Vanguard of the Arab Lebanese Army in June of 1976 (analogous to the ALL).74

Palestinians and Lebanese were tied together on all levels. As is apparent from the UNWRA-numbers, many Palestinians lived outside the refugee camps. Some Lebanese lived in the camps as well, as is evident from the fact that in Sabra and Shatila many Lebanese were murdered. Many Lebanese lived in Tall az-Zaatar too. It is likely that most were Shi’ite migrants from southern Lebanon.75

On the highest level there were contacts between the PLO leaders and the Muslim religious leaders (the mufti, Musa al-Sadr and the Druze leader Abu Shaqra) and the Sunni zu’ama, as is clear from the frequent meetings in the mufti’s house in Aramoun.76

Until 1978 there wasn’t a united PLO position in Lebanon. The Rejection Front was a loyal ally to the National Movement from the start. As-Sa’iqa followed the Syrian line. The position of the DFLP was something in-between. Until 1976, the DFLP fought with the NM, but when Jumblatt seemed to be striving for a military solution, the DFLP distanced itself from him and warned about a rift with Syria. It joined the fights in the direct confrontations with the Syrians but kept trying to reach a compromise with Syria.77

Al-Fatah tried to keep out of the fighting for as long as possible but was swept along during the siege of Tall az-Zaatar. Al-Fatah troops were directed to Damour from southern Lebanon. The Syrian intervention forced al-Fatah, as it did the DFLP, to choose between its Lebanese allies and Syria. That al-Fatah chose for the NM in the end was especially due to the fact that al-Fatah did not trust the Syrian motives.78


Article Tools

Featured Articles
<<  <    Next Page: Syria (Page 14 of 33)    >  >>
Thanks, from:
curses (08-02-2008), Sophia (01-22-2011), Stormlight (08-01-2008)
By Watser? on 12-27-2010, 01:10 AM
News Re: Lebanon's Sunnis and the Civil War

Here's a story from the Lebanese press about one former member of Tawhid who was murdered Saturday in the Palestinian camp Ain al Hilweh, near Sidon.
Located on the outskirts of the coastal city of Sidon, Ain al-Hilweh, like most other Palestinian refugee camps in Lebanon, does not fall under the control of the Lebanese government but under that of local Palestinian armed factions.

The camp saw normal activity Sunday morning, one day after the body of Ghandi Sahmarani, a member in the disbanded Jund al-Sham Islamist group was found.

Security sources said that Sahmarani, who is a Lebanese citizen wanted by Lebanese authorities, was found hand cuffed, leg cuffed and struck by a sharp device on the head. Sahmarani who hasn’t shown up for a long time, used to live in the Taamir neighborhood, which lies to the north of the camp, and which is considered a stronghold for Salafi Islamists. The area falls under the influence of Osbat al-Ansar, an Islamist group.

The fugitive was a member of Al-Tawhid al-Islami movement in the 1980’s, during which he participated in the fierce battles that broke out between the movement and the Syrian Army in Tripoli. He left Tripoli in 1987 and moved to Sidon where he joined a number of fundamentalist movements including Osbat al-Ansar and Jund al-Sham. After the disbandment of Jund al-Sham, Sahmarani joined Fatah al-Islam.

Sahmarani reportedly sheltered a number of Islamists who fled the northern Dinnieh district after taking part in the clashes that erupted between their comrades and the Lebanese Army in the district in 2000.

As a member of Jund al-Sham, the group fought the Lebanese Army several times. Armed clashes broke out between the two around Ain al-Hilweh in 2007, when the army was fighting Fatah al-Islam in the northern Palestinian refugee camp of Nahr al-Bared.
Reply With Quote
By Watser? on 10-28-2014, 02:10 PM
Default Re: Lebanon's Sunnis and the Civil War

"The army has taken over Bab al-Tebbaneh," said the spokesman, adding that troops had captured 162 fighters since Friday.

The army urged other fighters still at large to turn themselves in.

The soldiers carried out house-to-house searches and made several weapons seizures.

A 72-year-old woman said she had never before been forced out of Bab al-Tebbaneh, "not even during the civil war. But this time, I had to flee my house, along with my five grandchildren. I am in charge of them, because their father is in jail", said Umm Mohammed Jaaburi. "The violence was unprecedented," she said.
Lebanon army back in control of Tripoli
Reply With Quote
By Watser? on 10-30-2014, 03:36 PM
Default Re: Lebanon's Sunnis and the Civil War

No two people would disagree about the outcome of the most recent round of clashes in Tripoli. The army was able to defeat the gunmen. The outcome is unambiguous, at least in terms of appearances. The Lebanese army succeeded in driving the gunmen underground and removed all signs of their former existence. It set up checkpoints and carried out raids in areas that were forbidden to it in the past even if it cost the lives of 12 officers and soldiers, while there were no heavy casualties among the gunmen.
Jihadi groups in north Lebanon admit to defeat in battle against the army | Al Akhbar English
Reply With Quote

  Freethought Forum > The Library > Articles & Essays > Politics

Currently Active Users Viewing This Article: 1 (0 members and 1 guests)
Article Tools
Display Modes

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off

Forum Jump


All times are GMT +1. The time now is 10:18 PM.

Powered by vBulletin® Version 3.8.2
Copyright ©2000 - 2022, Jelsoft Enterprises Ltd.

Article powered by GARS 2.1.8m ©2005-2006
Page generated in 0.34566 seconds with 14 queries